May 2012


Peer-reviewed journal articles

Lent M, Hill TF, Dollahite JS, Wolfe WS, Dickin KL. Healthy Children, Healthy Families: Parents Making a Difference! A Curriculum Integrating Key Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Parenting Practices to Help Prevent Childhood Obesity. J Nutr Educ. 2012;44(1):90-92.

Lytle LA. Dealing with the childhood obesity epidemic: a public health approach. Abdom Imaging. 2012. DOI: 10.1007/s00261-012-9861-y.

Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Kit BK, Flegal KM. Prevalence of Obesity and Trends in Body Mass Index Amon US Children and Adolescents, 1999-2012. JAMA. 2012;307(5):483-490.

Townsend N, Rutter H, Foster C. Age differences in the association of childhood obesity with area-level and school-level deprivation: cross-classified multilevel analysis of cross-sectional data. Int J Obes (Lond). 2012;36:45-52.

Pomeranz JL. The Unique Authority of State and Local Health Departments to Address Obesity. Am J Public Health. 2011;101(7):1192-1197.

Oude Luttikhuis H, Baur L, Jansen H, Shrewsbury VA, O’Malley C, Stolk RP, Summerbell CD. Interventions for treating obesity in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD001872. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001872.pub2.

Spear BA, Barlow SE, Ervin C, et al. Recommendations for Treatment of Child and Adolescent Overweight and Obesity. Pediatrics. 2007;120:S254-288.

Hofferth SL, Curtin S. Poverty, food programs, and childhood obesity. J Policy Anal Manage. 2005 Fall; 24(4):703-26.

Moyers P, Bugle L, Jackson E. Perceptions of school nurses regarding obesity in school-age children. J Sch Nurs. 2005 Apr. 21(2):86-93.

Olshansky SJ, Passaro DJ, Hershow RC, et al. A Potential in Life Expectancy in the United States in the 21st Century. N Engl Med. 2005;352(11): 1138-1145.

Sturm R. Childhood obesity – what we can learn from existing data on societal trends, part 2. Preventing Chronic Disease. 2005 Apr; 2(2):A20.

Hedley AA, Ogden CL, Johnson CJ, et al. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among US children, adolescents, and adults, 1999–2002. JAMA. 2004;291(23):2847-2850.

Tremblay MS and Willms JD. Is the Canadian childhood obesity epidemic related to physical inactivity? Int J Obesity. 2003;27(9):1100-1105.

Wang G and Dietz WH. Economic burden of obesity in youths aged 6 to 17 years: 1979-1999. Pediatrics. 2002;109(5):e81-89.

Kromeyer-Hauschild K, Zellner K, Jaeger U, et al. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among school children in Jena (Germany). Int J Obesity. 1999;23:1143-1150

Other publications

US Department of Health and Human Services. Healthy People 2020: Topics and Objectives. 1 March 2012. Available at Accessed March 30, 2012.

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Weight-control Information Network. Overweight and Obesity Statistics. 5 July 2011. Available at Accessed April 6, 2012.

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Healthy Weight: About BMI for children and teens. 13 September 2011. Available at Accessed March 30, 2012.

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Preventing obesity and chronic diseases through good nutrition and physical activity. 2007. Available at Accessed January April 6, 2012.

Institute of Medicine. Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance. Institute of Medicine, National Academies of Science: Washington, DC: National Academies Press; January 2005.

AAP Policy Statement: Prevention of pediatric overweight and obesity. Pediatrics. 2003;112(2):424-430.

US Department of Health and Human Services. Healthy People 2020: objectives for improving health. Available at

US Department of Agriculture. Childhood Obesity: Causes & Prevention, Symposium Proceedings. October 28, 1998. Available at

Physical Activity and Schools

Peer-reviewed journal articles

Telford RD, Cunningham RB, Fitzgerald R. Physical Education, Obesity, and Academic Achievement: A 2-Year Longitudinal Investigation of Australian Elementary School Children. Am J Public Health. 2012;102(2):368-374.

Carlson SA, Fulton JE, Lee SM, et al. Physical Education and Academic Achievement in Elementary School: Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study. Am J Public Health. 2008;98(4):721-727.

Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness; Council on School Health. Active healthy living: prevention of childhood obesity through increased physical activity. Pediatrics. 2006 May; 117(5):1834-42.

Robbins L, Gretebeck K, Kazanis A, Pender N. Girls on the move program to increase physical activity participation. Nursing Research. 2006 May-Jun; 55(3):206-16.

Booth M, Okely A. Promoting physical activity among children and adolescents; the strengths and limitations of school-based approaches. Health Promot J Austr. 2005 Apr;16(1):52-4. Accessed February 4, 2005

Jamner MS, Spruijt-Metz D, Bassin S, et al. A controlled evaluation of a school-based intervention to promote physical activity among sedentary adolescent females: project FAB. J Adol Health. 2004;34(4):278-289.

Schwimmer JB, Burwinkle TM, Varni JW. Health-related quality of life of severely obese children and adolescents. 2003;289(14):1813-1819.

Warren JM, Henry CJ, Lightowler HJ, et al. Evaluation of a pilot school programme aimed at the prevention of obesity in children. Health Promot Int. 2003;18(4):287-296.

Grunbaum JA, Kann L, Kinchen SA, et al. Youth risk behavior surveillance – United States, 2001. In Surveillance Summaries, June 28, 2002. MMWR. 2002;51(SS-4):1-57.

Burgeson CR, Wechsler H, Brener ND, et al. Physical education and activity: results from the school health policies and programs study 2000. J Sch Health. 2001;71(7):279-293.

Neumark-Sztainer D, Martin SL, Story M. School-based programs for obesity prevention: what do adolescents recommend? Am J Health Promot. 2000;14(4):232-235.

Gortmaker SL, Peterson K, Wiecha J, et al. Reducing obesity via a school-based interdisciplinary intervention among youth: Planet Health. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1999;153(4):409-418.

Barlow SE, Dietz WH. Obesity evaluation and treatment: Expert Committee recommendations. Pediatrics. 1998;102(3):29-39.

Neumark-Sztainer D, Story M. Recommendations from overweight youth regarding school-based weight control programs. J Sch Health. 1997;67(10):428-433.

Other publications

National Association of School Nurses. Position statement—overweight children and adolescents. Revised 2011. Available at Accessed April 6, 2012.

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Physical activity levels among children aged 9 – 13 years – United States, 2002. MMWR Weekly. 2003;52(33):785-788.

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. School Health Index for Physical Activity, Healthy Eating, and a Tobacco-Free Lifestyle: A Self-Assessment and Planning Guide. Middle school/High school version. Atlanta, Georgia. 2002.

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Youth risk behavior surveillance – United States, 2001. MMWR Weekly. 2002;51(SS-4):1-57.

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. School health policies and program study 2000. Fact sheet: physical education and activity. Published 2001. Available at Accessed April 6, 2012.

Nutrition and Schools

Peer-reviewed journal articles

Roy M, Millimet DL, Tchernis R. Federal nutrition programs and childhood obesity: inside the black box. Rev Econ Household. 2012;10:1-38.

Shroff MR, Jones SJ, Frongillo EA, Howlett M. Policy Instruments Used by States Seeking to Improve School Food Environments. Am J Public Health. 2012;102:222-229.

Van Hook J, Altman CE. Competitive Food Sales in Schools and Childhood Obesity: A Longitudinal Study. Sociol Educ. 2012;85(1):23-39.

Bhatia R, Jones P, Reicker Z. Competitive Foods, Discrimination, and Participation in the National School Lunch Program. Am J Public Health. 2011;101(8):1380-1386.

Taber DR, Stevens J, Evenson KR. State Policies Targeting Junk Food in Schools: Racial/Ethnic Differences in the Effect of Policy Change on Soda Consumption. Am J Public Health. 2011;101:1769-175.

Hilgers KK, Akridge M, Sheetz JP, Kinane DE. Childhood obesity and dental development. Pediatric Dentistry. 2006 Jan-Feb; 28(1):18-22.

Boon CS, Clydesdale FM. A review of childhood and adolescent obesity interventions. Critical Reviews in Food Science & Nutrition. 2005; 45(7-8):511-25.

Welsh JA, Cogswell ME, Rogers S, et al. Overweight among low-income preschool children associated with the consumption of sweet drinks: Missouri, 1999-2002. Pediatrics. 2005;115(2):223-229.

Bowman SA, Gortmaker SL, Ebbeling CB, et al. Effects of fast-food consumption on energy intake and diet quality among children in a national household survey. Pediatrics. 2004;113(1):112-118.

James J, Thomas P, Cavan D, et al. Preventing childhood obesity by reducing consumption of carbonated drinks: cluster randomized controlled trial. BMJ. 2004;328:1237-1241.

Wechsler H, McKenna ML, Lee SM, et al. The role of schools in preventing childhood obesity. The State Education Standard. 2004;5(2):4-12.

Kubik MY, Lytle LA, Hannan PJ, et al. The association of the school food environment with dietary behaviors of young adolescents. Am J Public Health. 2003;93(7):1168-1173.

Gleason P and Suitor C. Children’s diets in the mid-1990s: dietary intake and its relationship with school meal participation. Alexandria (VA): US Department of Agriculture; 2001. Report No.: CN-01-CD1.

Wechsler H, Brener ND, Kuester S, et al. Food service and foods and beverages available at school: results from the school health policies and programs study 2000. J of Sch Health. 2001;71(7):313-324.

Snyder MP, Story M, and Trenkner LL. Reducing fat and sodium in school lunch programs: the LUNCHPOWER! Intervention study. J of Am Diet Assoc. 1992;92(9):1087-1091.

Other publications

Kimbro RT, Rigby E. Federal Food Policy and Childhood Obesity: A Solution or Part of the Problem? Health Affairs. 2010;29(3):411-418.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Evaluation of a fruit and vegetable distribution program—Mississippi, 2004-05 school year. MMWR-Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report. 55(35): 957-61, 2006 Sep 8.

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Healthy youth: an investment in our nation’s future. 2004. Available online at Accessed January 4, 2005.

World Health Organization. Nutrition—Controlling the global obesity epidemic. Updated 2008. Available at Accessed April 6, 2012.

NGA Center for Best Practices. Issue brief: preventing obesity in youth through school-based efforts. National Governors Association. February 4, 2003.

US General Accounting Office. School lunch program: efforts needed to improve nutrition and encourage healthy eating. 2003. Report No.: GAO-03-506. Available at

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. School Health Index for Physical Activity, Healthy Eating, and a Tobacco-Free Lifestyle: A Self-Assessment and Planning Guide. Middle school/High school version. Atlanta, Georgia. 2002.

US Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service. Children’s diet in the mid-1990s: dietary intake and its relationship with school meal participation. 2001.

US Department of Health and Human Services. Healthy people 2010: objectives for improving health. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office; 2000:19-40.

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Guidelines for school health programs to promote lifelong healthy eating. MMWR Recommendations and Reports. 1996;45(RR-9):1-33.

School-Based Interventions

Peer-reviewed publications

Amis JM, Wright PM, Dyson B, Vardaman JM, Ferry H. Implementing Childhood Obesity Policy in a New Educational Environment: The Case of Mississippi and Tennessee. Am J Public Health. 2012. March: e1-e8.

Sharma M. Dietary Education in School-Based Childhood Obesity Prevention Programs. Adv Nutr. 2011;2:207S-216S.

Cole K, Waldrop J, D’Auria J, Garner H. An integrative research review: effective school-based childhood overweight interventions. Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN. 2006 Jul; 11(3):166-77.

Sharma M. School-based interventions for childhood and adolescent obesity. Obes Rev. 2006 Aug; 7(3):261-9.

Brosnan CA, Upchurch SL, Meininger JC, Hester LE, Johnson G, Elissa MA. Student nurses participate in public health research and practice through a school-based screening program. Public Health Nursing. 2005 May-Jun;22(3):260-6.

Carrel AL, Clark RR, Peterson SE, Nemeth BA, Sullivan J, Allen DB. Improvement of fitness, body composition, and insulin sensitivity in overweight children in a school-based exercise program: a randomized, controlled study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2005 Oct; 159(10):996-7.

Veugelers PJ, Fitzgerald AL. Effectiveness of School Programs in Preventing Childhood Obesity: A Multilevel Comparison. Am J Public Health. 2005;95(3):432-435.

Demerath E, Muratova V, Spangler E, Li J, Minor V, Neal W. School-based obesity screening in rural Appalachia. Preventive Medicine. 2003 Dec; 37(6 Pt 1): 553-60.

Other publications

Muller M, Danielzik S, Pust S. School- and family-based interventions to prevent overweight in children. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 2005 May:64(2):249-54.

Health Consequences of Childhood Obesity

Peer-reviewed journal articles

Nader PR, O’Brien M, Houts R, Bradley R, Belsky J, Crosnoe R, et. Al. Identifying risk for obesity in early childhood. Pediatrics. 2006 Sep; 118(3):e594-601.

Robinson S. Victimization of obese adolescents. Journal of School Nursing. 2006 Aug; 22(4):201-6.

Dietz WH. Health consequences of obesity in youth: childhood predictors of adult disease. Supp Pediatrics. 1998;3 (101):518-525. Available online at Accessed February 4, 2005.

Kmietowicz Z. Parents key to reducing overweight in children. British Medical Journal. 2003;327:832i. Available at Accessed January 3, 2005.

Strauss RS. Childhood obesity and self-esteem. Pediatrics. 2000;105(1):1-5. Available at Accessed February 5, 2005.

Brener ND, Eaton DK, Lowry R, et al. The association between weight perception and BMI among high school students. Obes Res. 2004;12(11):1866-1874.

Chan J, Edman JC, Koltai PJ. Obstructive sleep apnea in children. Am Fam Physician. 2004;69:1147-1154, 1159-1160.

Eisenberg ME, Olson RE, Neumark-Sztainer D, et al. Correlations between family meals and psychosocial well-being among adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004;158:792-796.

Janssen I, Craig W, Boyce W, Pickett W. Associations between overweight and obesity with bullying behaviors in school-aged children. Pediatrics. 2004 May; 13(5):1187-94.

Eisenberg ME, Neumark-Sztainer D, Story M. Associations of weight-based teasing and emotional well-being among adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003;157:733-738.

Gilliland FD, Berhane K, et al. Obesity and the risk of newly diagnosed asthma in school-age children. Am J Epidemiol. 2003;158:406-415.

Goodman E, Adler NE, Daniels SR, et al. Impact of objective and subjective social status on obesity in a biracial cohort of adolescents. Obes Res. 2003;11(8):1018-1026.

Schwimmer JB, Burwinkle TM, Varni JW. Health-related quality of life of severely obese children and adolescents. JAMA. 2003;289(14):1813-1819.

Strauss RS, Pollack HA. Social marginalization of overweight children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003;157:746-752.

Sinha R, Fisch G, Teague B, et al. Prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance among children and adolescents with marked obesity. N Engl J Med. 2002;346(11):802-810.

Freedman DS, Kahn LK, Dietz WH, et al. Relationship of childhood obesity to coronary heart disease risk factors in adulthood: the Bogalusa heart study. Pediatrics. 2001;108(3): 712-718.

Belamarich PF, Luder E, Kattan M, et al. Do obese inner-city children with asthma have more symptoms than nonobese children with asthma? Pediatrics. 2000;106(6):1436-1441.

Wisemandle W, Maynard LM, Guo SS, et al. Childhood weight, stature, and body mass index among never overweight, early-onset overweight, and late-onset overweight groups. Pediatrics. 2000;106(1):14-21.

Freedman DS, Dietz WH, Srinivasan SR, et al. The relation of overweight to cardiovascular risk factors among children and adolescents: the Bogalus heart study. Pediatrics. 1999;103(6):1175-82.

Must A and Strauss RS. Risk and consequences of childhood and adolescent obesity. Int J Obesity. 1999;23(Suppl 2):S2-S11.

Slyper AH. Childhood obesity, adipose tissue distribution, and the pediatric practitioner. Pediatrics. 1998;102(1):4-12.

Guo SS, Chumlea WC. Tracking of body mass index in children in relation to overweight in adulthood. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999;70(suppl):145S-148S.

Pinhas-Hamiel O, Dolan L, Daniels S, et al. Increased incidence of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus among adolescents. J of Pediatr. 1996;128(5):608-615.

Mallory GB, Fiser DH, Jackson R. Sleep-associated breathing disorders in morbidly obese children and adolescents. J Pediatr. 1989;115(6):892-897.

Other publications

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Obstructive sleep apnea. Available online at Accessed February 4, 2005.

US Department of Health and Human Services and US Department of Agriculture. Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2005. 6th Edition, Washington, DC: US GPO; January 2005.

Center for Health and Health Care in Schools. Parents overwhelmingly favor providing health care services in schools. Published 2003. Available at here.

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. National Polls Show Parents and Teachers Agree on Solutions to Childhood Obesity. Published Dec 04, 2003. Available at