Overweight & Nutrition

Background
Maternal and Child Health Library.
Overweight and Obesity in Children and Adolescents. 2008.
http://www.mchlibrary.info/KnowledgePaths/kp_overweight.html

American School Food Service Association is committed to healthy school meals and nutrition education. The association provides education and training for food service workers, develops standards through certification and credentialing, and gathers regulatory, legislative, industry, nutrional and other information related to school nutrition.

Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion in the US Department of Agriculture provides information that links scientific research to nutritional needs of the American public. The site includes “the Interactive Health Eating Index” an online dietary assessment tool that includes nutrition messages. After providing a day’s worth of dietary information, the user will receive a score on the overall quality of her or his diet for that day. Also included on the site are recipes and tips for healthy, thrifty meals.

Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network (FAAN) was established in1991. With a network of 22,000 health professionals and families, FAAN works to build public awareness of food allergy through media, education, advocacy and research. Included on the site are School Guidelines for Dealing with Students with Food Allergies.

Food and Nutrition Information Center is one of several information centers at the National Agricultural Library of the US Department of Agriculture. Site includes sections on dietary guidelines, the food guide pyramid, food composition, dietary supplements, food safety, and healthy school meals.

Guidelines for School Health Programs to Promote Lifelong Healthy Eating, were developed by CDC staff in collaboration with experts from other federal agencies, state agencies, universities, voluntary organizations, and professional associations.

National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health, provides information on program development, policy analysis and education. The nutrition section provides a guide to resources on the web site as well as selected resources outside the site. Includes downloadable electronic publications, databases, project descriptions and national conference information.

NUTRITION.GOV provides easy access to all online federal government information on nutrition. This national resource makes obtaining government information on nutrition, healthy eating, physical activity, and food safety, easily accessible in one place for many Americans.

USDA Healthy School Meals Resource System, is a searchable Web site, providing information to persons working in USDA’s Child Nutrition Programs. The site includes training and resources, recipes and menus, and food safety.

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American Heart Association.
Obesity and Overweight in Children. 2002.
www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4670

American Obesity Association.
Childhood Obesity. 2008.
http://www.obesity.org/information/childhood_overweight.asp

CDC. Overweight and Obesity.
Includes information about definitions, trends, consequences, FAQs, and more. 2002.
www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/obesity/index.htm

Center for Health and Health Care in Schools
Infocus: Body Mass Index for Children

Flegal, Katherine M. and Richard P. Troiano.
Causes and Health Consequences of Obesity in Children and Adolescents.
Overweight Children and Adolescents: Description, Epidemiology, and Demographics. Pediatrics Supplement. Abstract. Full text available.1998.
www.pediatrics.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/3/S1/497

Hunger: Its Impact on Children’s Health and Mental Health. 2002.
www.ers.usda.gov/publications/erselsewhere/eejs0223/eejs0223.pdf

 

In School – Universal and targeted approaches to healthier eating and fewer ’empty’ calories.

Universal approaches
Center for Science in the Public Interest.
A Guide to Improving School Foods & Beverages.
www.cspinet.org/schoolfood/

American Obesity Association.
Creating a Healthy Eating Environment in Schools. 2002.
http://www.obesity.org/information/childhood_overweight.asp

Center for Health and Health Care in Schools
Issue Brief: The Role of School Health Professionals in Preventing Childhood Overweight

National Association of State Boards of Education.
Fit, Healthy, and Ready to Learn. Sample School Nutrition Policies.
http://eric.ed.gov

U.S. Department of Agriculture. Food and Nutrition Service.
Foods Sold in Competition with USDA School Meal Programs. Impact on Nutrition Intake of Children at School. A Report to Congress. Shirley R. Watkins. Under Secretary Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services. 2001.
www.fns.usda.gov/…

U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Food and Nutrition Service. State Competitive Food Policies. 2001.
www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/…

Targeted strategies

National Association of School Psychologists.
Obesity Prevention in Children: Strategies for Parents and School Personnel. 2004.
www.nasponline.org/communications/spawareness/obesity_ho.pdf

Neumark-Sztainer D, Story M.
Recommendations from Overweight Youth Regarding School-Based Weight Control Programs.
Journal of School Health, December 1997; 428-433.
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov:80/entrez/query.fcgi?
cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=9503349&dopt=Abstract

 

Government Reports & Resources

Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Guidelines for School Health Programs to Promote Lifelong Healthy Eating. June 1996; 45(9): 1-33. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00042446.htm

National Institutes of Health.
Weight-control Information Network. 2003.
www.niddk.nih.gov/helath/nutrit/nutrit.htm

North Carolina Fit Together. 2004.
http://www.fittogethernc.org/section.aspx?section=1&category=3

U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Food and Nutrition Information Center.
Food Guide Pyramid. 2003.
www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/Fpyr/pyramid.html

U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Food and Nutrition Service.
School Lunch Program Home Page. 2002.
www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/Lunch/default.htm

U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Food and Nutrition Service.
School Breakfast Program Home Page. 2002.
www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/Breakfast/default.htm

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC.
National Center for Health Statistics.
Health E Stats – Prevalence of Overweight Among Children. 1999.
www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/pubs/pubd/hestats/overwght99.htm

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC.
Guidelines for Schools & Community Health Programs:
Promoting Lifelong Healthy Eating. 2002.
www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/healthtopics/index.htm

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC.
School Health Index
http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/shi

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC.
National Center for Health Statistics.
Health E Stats – Prevalence of Overweight Among Children. 1999.
www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/pubs/pubd/hestats/overwght99.htm

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC
School Health Policies and Programs Study (SHPPS). Nutrition.
www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dash/shpps/index.htm

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Education.
The Surgeon General’s Call To Action To Prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesity. Overweight in Children and Adolescents. 1999.
www.surgeongeneral.gov/topics/obesity/calltoaction/fact_adolescents.htm

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Food and Nutrition Information Center.
Childhood Obesity: A Food and Nutrition Resource List for Educators and Researchers. 2000.
http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/pubs/bibs/topics/weight/childhoodobesity.pdf

 

Physical Exercise

Background

American Academy of Pediatrics.
Benefits of Physical Activity. 2000.
www.medem.com/MedLB/article_detaillb.cfm?
article_ID=ZZZCSE23B7C&sub_cat=405

American Heart Association.
Exercise and Children. Scientific Position. 2003.
www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4596

Bright Futures.
Appropriate Physical Activity for Children. Executive Summary. 2001.
www.brightfutures.org/physicalactivity/tools/c.html

Maternal and Child Health Library.
Knowledge Path: Physical Activity and Children and Adolescents. An Overview. 2002.
www.mchlibrary.info/KnowledgePaths/kp_phys_activity.html

National Association for Sport and Physical Education.
Useful for parents of school-age children, coaches, and PE teachers. http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/template.cfm

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

The Shape We’re In newspaper series.
Resources for increasing physical activity in your community.
http://www.rwjf.org/pr/product.jsp?id=20849

Active Living Network.
Funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, this Network is a coalition that aims to create safe environments that support physical activity.
http://www.activeliving.org

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Healthier US.gov. 2002. Information for a new government initiative sponsored by the Bush Administration.
www.healthierus.gov/exercise.html

 

In School

ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education. Recess in Elementary School: What does the Research Say? Olga S. Jarret. EDO-PS_02-5. July 2002.www.ericdigests.org/2003-2/recess.htm

ERIC Clearinghouse on Teaching and Teacher Education. Promoting Physical Activity and Exercise Among Children. An ERIC Digest. 1998. www.ericdigests.org/1998-2/exercise.htm

KidsWalk-to-School Program. The KidsWalk-to-School Program features information on how to organize community programs to get children to walk or bike to school. www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/kidswalk/pdf/kidswalk_programs_3_31_06.pdf

National Association for Sport and Physical Education. Public Attitudes towards Physical Education. Are Schools Providing What the Public Wants? 2000. www.aahperd.org/naspe/pdf_files/whatsnew-survey.pdf

School-based approaches to better diet and more physical activity

Gortmaker, SL et al.
Planet Health: Reducing obesity via school-based interdisciplinary intervention amony youth. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. April 1999. 153:409-418.
http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/153/4/409

Gortmaker, SL et al.
Eat Well and Keep Moving: Impact of School-Based Interdisciplinary Intervention on Diet and Physical Activity Among Urban Primary School Children.Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. September 1999. 153: 975-983.
http://archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/153/9/975

 

Government Reports & Resources

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC.
Guidelines for School and Community Programs to Promote Lifelong Physical Activity Among Young People. 1997.
www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00046823.htm

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Education.
Surgeon General’s Report: Promoting Better Health for Young People through Physical Activity and Sports. A Report to the President From the Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Secretary of Education. 2000.
www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/physicalactivity/promoting_health/

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. CDC.
School Health Policies and Program Study (SHPPS). Physical Exercise
www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/shpps/index.htm

 

Laws and Policies

California Center for Public Health Advocacy.
Gives examples of how California activist have originated the approach of using specific local data on children’s obesity and diabetes risk as a lobbying tool.
http://www.publichealthadvocacy.org

Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
Database that lists state legislative initiatives on nutrition and physical activity.
http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/DNPALeg/

Health Policy Tracking Service.
In 2004, the Health Policy Tracking Service noted a considerable increase in the amount of legislation introduced regarding nutrition, obesity, and physical activity. This year-end report provides a recap of significant state initiatives . The main focus during 2004 was to prevent obesity among children by setting nutritional standards for food and beverage items sold through vending machines.
http://www.rwjf.org/applications/solicited/npo.jsp?FUND_ID=54975

National Conference of State Legislatures.
Database that is useful for looking up state legislation on health topics.
http://www.ncsl.org/programs/health/childhoodobesity.htm