Select School-Based Health Center Publications

(Updated April 2012)

School-based health centers blend medical care with preventive and psychosocial services as well as organize broader school-based and community-based health promotion efforts. Typically staffed with nurse practitioners and health aides, they increasingly include mental health professionals. The following resources provide both general background as well as publications that address the specific topics of access to care, clinical services, financing, reproductive health care, research and evaluation, school-based dental services, school-based health centers/school partnerships, and staffing and training.


Brown MB, Bolen LM. The school-based health center as a resource for prevention and health promotion. Psych Sch. 2008;45(1):28-38.

Silberberg M, Cantor JC. Making the case for school-based health: where do we stand? J Health Polit Policy Law. 2008;33(1):3-37.

Weinstein J. School-based health centers and the primary-care physician: an opportunity for collaborative care. Prim Care. 2006;33(2):205-215.

Gustafson EM. History and overview of school-based health centers in the US. Nurs Clin Nort Am. 2005;40(4):595-606,vii.

Murray SM. Cultural aspects of working with students enrolled in a school-based health center. Nurs Clin North Am. 2005;40(4):637-47,viii.

Geierstanger SP, Amaral G, Mansour M, Walters SR. School-based health centers and academic performance: research, challenges, and recommendations. J Sch Health. 2004;74(9):347-352.

Greenberg MT. Current and future challenges in school-based prevention: the researcher perspective. Prev Sci. 2004;5(1):5-13.

Pastore DR, Techow B. Adolescent school-based health care: a description of two sites in their 20th year of service. Mt Sinai J Med. 2004;71(3):191-196.

Swider SM, Valukas A. Options for sustaining school-based health centers. J Sch Health. 2004;74(4):115-118.

Brindis CD, Klein J, Schlitt J, Santelli J, Juszczak L, Nystrom RJ. School-based health centers: accessibility and accountability. J Adol Health. 2003;32(6):98-107.

Sheetz AH. Developing school health services in Massachusetts: a public health model. J Sch Nurs. 2003;19(4):204-211.

Young TL, Ireson C. Effectiveness of school-based telehealth care in urban and rural elementary schools. Pediatrics. 2003;112(5):1088-1094.

Lowe JM, Knapp ML, Meyer MA, Gall GB, et al. School-based health centers as a locus for community health improvement. Qual Manag Health Care. 2001;9(4):24-32.

Morone JA, Kilbreth EH, Langwell KM. Back to school: a health care strategy for youth. Health Affairs. 2001;20(1):122-136.

Oros MT. School-based health services: an essential component of neighborhood transformation. Fam Community Health. July 2000.

Hurwitz N. Hurwitz S. The case for school-based health centers. Am Sch Board J. 2000;187(8):24-27.

Lessard JA, Knox R. Information technology: telehealth in a rural school-based health center. J Sch Nursing. 2000;16(2) 38-41.

National Assembly on School-Based Health Care. Creating Access to Care for Children and Youth: School-Based Health Center Census 1989-1999. June 2000.

Scheuring SE, Hanna S, D’Aquila-Lloyd E. Strengthening the safety net for adolescent health: partners in creating realities out of opportunity. Fam Community Health. 2000;23(2):43-53.

Brodeur P. School-Based Health Clinics. In: Isaacs SL, Knickman JR, eds. To Improve Health and Health Care 2000. Princeton, NJ: Jossey-Bass Publishers;1999:3-22.

Friedrich MJ. 25 years of school-based health centers. JAMA. 1999;281(9):781-2.

Galland H, Gupta V. School-based health centers in Louisiana: an introduction. J La State Med Soc. 1999;151(12):609-614.

Lear JG, Eichner N, Koppelman J. The growth of school-based health centers and the role of state policies: Results of a national survey. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1999;153:1177-1180.

Barnett S, Niebuhr V, Baldwin C. Principles for developing interdisciplinary school-based primary care centers. J Sch Health. 1998;68(3):99-105.

Dryfoos JG. School-based health centers in the context of education reform. J Sch Health. 1998;68(10):404-408.

Juszczak L, Moody JK, Vega-Matos C. Business and faith: Key community partnerships for school-based health centers. J Sch Health. 1998;68(10):429-433.

Simpson KJ, Young TL. The Harrison Healthy Kids Centers: A comprehensive elementary school-based health program. J Sch Health. 1998;68(3):116-119.

Brindis CD, Sanghvi RV. School-based health clinics: remaining viable in a changing health care delivery system. Annu Rev Public Health. 1997;18:567-587.

Walker PH, Chiverton P. The University of Rochester experience. Nurs Manag. 1997;28(3):29-31.

Ferretti CK, Verhey MP, Isham MM. Development of a nurse-managed school-based health center. Nurse Educ. 1996;21(5):35-42.

Lear JG. Health care goes to school: An untidy strategy to improve the well-being of school-age children. In Garfinkel, I. Hochschild, JL. McLanahan, SS, eds. Social Policies for Children. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 1996.

Santelli J, Morreale M, Wigton A, Grason H. School health centers and primary care for adolescents: a review of the literature. J Adolesc Health. 1996;18(5):357-366.

Wenzel M. A school-based clinic for elementary schools in Phoenix, Arizona. J Sch Health. 1996;66(4):125-127.

Kaplan DW. School-based health centers: Primary care in high school. Pediatr Ann. 1995;24(4):192-3;197-200.

Brellochs C, Fothergill K. Ingredients for success: comprehensive school-based health centers- a special report on the 1993 national work group meetings. Bronx, NY: School Health Policy Initiative, Montifiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1995.

Peak GL, Hauser McKinney D. Update 1994: School-based and school-linked health centers. Washington, DC: Advocates for Youth, 1995.

Dryfoos JG. Full-services schools: A revolution in health and social services for children, youth, and families. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, 1994.

McKinney DH, Peak GL. School-based and school-linked health care centers: Update 1993. Washington, DC: The Center for Population Options, 1994.

Ruminski D, Klink H. School-based health centers: a model for delivery of adolescent health care in Portland, Oregon. J Ambul Care Manage. 1993;16(1):29-41.

School-Based Adolescent Health Care Program. The answer is at school: bringing health care to our students. Washington, DC: Author, 1993.

Feroli KL, Hobson SK, Miola ES, et al. School-based clinics: the Baltimore experience. J Pediatric Health Care. 1992;6(3):127-131.

Lavin AT, Shapiro GR, Weill KS. Creating an agenda for school-based health promotion: a review of 25 selected reports. J Sch Health. 1992;62(6): 212-228.

American Medical Association, Council of Children, Adolescents, and their Families. Position statement on school-based health clinics. Am J Psychiatry.1991;148(6):820.

Dryfoos JG. School-based social and health services for at-risk students. Urban Educ. 1991;26(1):118-137.

Goldsmith MF. School-based health clinics provide essential care. JAMA. 1991;25(19):2458-2460.

Lear JG, Gleicher HB, St. Germaine A, et al. Reorganizing health care for adolescents: the experience of the School-Based Adolescent Health Care program. J Adolesc Health. 1991;12(6):450-458.

Edwards LE, Steinman ME, Hakanson EY. An experimental comprehensive high school clinic. Am J Public Health. 1977;67(8):765-6.


Access to Care

Ethier KA, Dittus PJ, DeRosa CJ, Chung EQ, Martinez E, Kerndt PR. School-based health center access, reproductive health care, and contraceptive use among sexually experienced high school students. J Adolesc Health. 2011;48(6):562-565.

Larson K, Clark A, Colborn B, Perez A, Engelke MK, Hill P. A school-based health center-university nursing partnership: how we filled in the gaps. J Sch Nurs. 2011;27(6):404-410.

Foy JE, Hahn K. School-based health centers: a four year experience, with a focus on reducing student exclusion rates. Osteopath Med Prim Care. 2009;10(3):3.

Allison MA, Crane LA, Beaty BL, Davidson AJ, Melinkovich P, Kempe A. School-based health centers: improving access and quality of care for low-income adolescents. Pediatrics. 2007;120(4):e887-894.

Davis TK. Beyond the physical examination: the nurse practioner’s role in adolescent risk reduction and resiliency building in a school-based health center. Nurs Clin North Am. 2005;40(4):649-660.

Brindis CD, Klein J, Schlitt J, Santelli J, Juszczak L, Nystrom RJ. School-based health centers: accessibility and accountability. J Adolesc Health. 2003;32(6 Suppl):98-107.

Young TL, Ireson C. Effectiveness of school-based telehealth care in urban and rural elementary schools. Pediatrics. 2003;112(5):1088-1094.

Clendon J, White G. The feasibility of a nurse practitioner-led primary health clinic in a school setting: a community needs analysis. J Adv Nurs. 2001;34(2):171-178.

National Assembly on School-Based Health Care. Partners in access: school-based health centers and Medicaid. . Published 2001. Accessed April 16, 2012.

Sanford CC. Delivering health care to children on their turf: an elementary school-based wellness center. J Pediatr Health Care. 2001;15(3):132-137.

Willis E. School-based/school-linked health centers expanding points of access. WMJ. 2000;99(1):44-47.

Dowden SL, Calvert RD, Davis L, Gullotta T. Improving access to health care: school-based health centers. Healthy Children 2010: Establishing preventive services. Issues in children’s and familes’ lives 1997;9:154-182.

Kisker EE, Brown RS. Do school-based health centers improve adolescents’ access to health care, health status, and risk-taking behavior? J Adolesc Health. 1996;18:335-343.

Terwilliger SH. Early access to health care services through a rural school-based health center. J Sch Health. 1994;64(7):284-289.

US General Accounting Office. Health Care: School-based health centers can expand access for children. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Accounting Office, 1994. GAO publication no. GAO/HEHS 95-35.

U.S. General Accounting Office. Health Care Reform: School-based health centers can promote access to care. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Accounting Office, 1994. GAO publication no. GAO/HEHS 94-66.

Capan P, Beard M, Mashburn M. Nurse-managed clinics provide access and improved health care. Nurse Pract. 1993;18(5):50-55.

Fox HB, Wicks LB, Lipson DJ. Improving access to comprehensive health care through school-based programs. Washington, DC: Fox Health Policy Consultants, Inc., 1992.

Klein JD, Slap GB, Elster AB, et al. Access to health care for adolescents: a position paper of the Society for Adolescent Medicine. J Adolesc Health. 1992;13(2):162-170.

St. Peter RF, Newacheck PW, and Halfon N. Access to care for poor children: Separate and unequal? JAMA. 1992;267(20):2760-2764.

Wood D, Hayward R, Corey C, et al. Access to medical care for children and adolescents in the United States. Pediatrics. 1990;86(5):666-673.

Clinical Services

Gold R, Naleway AL, Jenkins LL, Riedlinger KK, Kurosky SK, Nystrom RJ, Kurilo MB. Completion and timing of the three-dose human papillomavirus vaccine series among adolescents attending school-based health centers in Oregon. Prev Med. 2011;52(6):456-458.

Juszczak L, Ammerman A. Reaching adolescent males through school-based health centers. J Adolesc Health. 2011;48(6):538-539.

Clayton S, Chin T, Blackburn S, Echeverria C. Different setting, different care: integrating prevention and clinical care in school-based health centers. Am J Public Health. 2010;100(9):1592-1596.

Trent M, Jennings, JM, Waterfield G, Lyman LM, Thomas H. Finding targets for obesity intervention in urban communities; school-based health centers and the interface with affected youth. J Urban Health. 2009;86(4):571-583.

Guo JJ, Wade TJ, Keller KN. Impact of school-based health centers on students with mental health problems. Public Health Rep. 2008;123(6):768-780.

Ho WW, Adams RE, Boscarino JA, Laraque D. The prevalence and characteristics of childhood overweight in a multiethnic, school-based health setting. Ethn Dis. 2008;18(1):98-103.

Mansour ME, Rose B, Toole K, Luzader CP, Atherton HD. Pursuing perfection: an asthma quality improvement initiative in school-based health centers with community partners. Public Health Rep. 2008;123(6):717-730.

Guo JJ, Keller KN, McCracken AL, Pan W, Cluxton RJ. Impact of school-based health centers on children with asthma. J Adolesc Health. 2005;37(4):266-274.

Harrison PA, Beebe TJ, Park E, Rancone J. The adolescent health review: test of a computerized screening tool in school-based clinics. J Sch Health. 2003;73(1):15-20.

Juszczak L, Melinkovich P, Kaplan D. Use of health and mental health services by adolescents across multiple delivery sites. J Adolesc Health. 2003;32(6 Suppl):108-118.

Price JH, Yingling F, Dake JA, Telljohann SK. Adolescent smoking cessation services of school-based health centers. Health Educ Behav. 2003;30(2):196-208.

Gall GB. Comprehensive risk assessment for adolescents in school-based health centers. Nurs Clin North Am. 2002;37(3):553-564.

Key JD, Washington EC, Hulsey TC. Reduced emergency department utilization associated with school-based clinic enrollment. J Adolesc Health. 2002;30(4):273-278.

Carpenter, LM. Mueller, CS. Evaluating health seeking behaviors of parents using a school-based health clinic. J Sch Health. 2001;71(10):497-499.

Lurie N, Jones EB, Brady C. Asthma outcomes at inner-city school-based health center. J Sch Health. 2001;71(1):9-16.

Gall G, Pagano ME, Desmond MS, Perrin JM, Murphy JM. Utility of psychosocial screening at a school-based health center. J Sch Health. 2000;70(7):292-298.

Lancman H, Pastore DR, Steed N, Maresca A. Comparison among 2 high school-based health centers and an adolescent clinic. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000;154(11):1085-1088.

Nystrom RJ, Timmons AJ. Completion of hepatitis B vaccination series in school-based health centers. J Adolesc Health. 2000;26(5):320-321.

Kaplan DW, Brindis CD, Phibbs SL, et al. A comparison study of an elementary school-based health center: effects on health care access and use. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1999;153:235-243.

Barnett S, Niebuhr V, Baldwin C. Principles for developing interdisciplinary school-based primary care centers. J Sch Health. 1998;68(3):99-105.

Burstein GR, Waterfield G, Joffee A, Zenilman J, Quinn TC, Gaydos CA. Screening for gonorrhea and chlamydia by DNA amplification in adolescents in middle school health centers. Sex Transm Dis. 1998:395-402.

Jones FC. Health status and service use: Comparison of adolescents at a school-based health clinic with homeless adolescents. J Child Fam Nurs. 1998;1(2),81-83.

Kaplan DW, Calonge BN, Guernsey BP, et al. Managed care and school-based health centers: use of health services. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1998;152(1):25-33.

Kaplan D, et al. Elementary school-based health center use. Pediatrics. 1998;101(6):E12.

Pastore DR, Juszczak L, Fisher MM, et al. School-based health center utilization: Aasurvey of users and nonusers. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1998;152:763-767.

Hacker KA, Weintraub TA, Fried LE, et al. Role of school-based health centers in referral completion. J Adolesc Health. 1997;21:328-334.

Herman NG, Rosenthal M, Franklin DM. Delivery of comprehensive children’s dental services using portable dental clinics in NYC public schools. NY State Dent J. 1997;63(4):36-41.

Rickert VI, et al. Rural school-based clinics: are adolescents willing to use them and what services do they want? J Sch Health. 1997;67(4):144-148.

Borenstein PE, Harvilchuck JD, Rosenthal BH, et al. Patterns of ICD-9 diagnosis using school-based clinics: Diagnostic categories by school level and gender. J Adolesc Health. 1996;18(3):203-210.

Anglin TN, Naylor K, Kaplan D. Comprehensive school-based health care: high school students’ use of medical, mental health, and substance abuse services. Pediatrics. 1996;97(3):318-329.

Keyl PM, Hurtado MP, Barber MM, et al. School-based health centers. Students’ access, knowledge, and use of services. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1996;150(2):175-80.

Santelli J, Kouzis A, Newcomer S. School-based health centers and adolescent use of primary care and hospital care. J Adolesc Health. 1996;19(4):267-275.

Santelli J, Kouzis A, Newcomer S. Student attitudes toward school-based health centers. J Adolesc Health. 1996;18(5):349-356.

Walter HJ, Vaughan RD, Armstrong B, Krakoff RY, Tiezzi L, McCarthy JF. Characteristics of users and nonusers of health clinics in inner-city junior high schools. J Adolesc Health.1996;18(5):344-348.

Brindis C, Kapphahn C, McCarter V, et al. The impact of health insurance status on adolescents’ utilization of school-based services: Implications for health care reform. J Adolesc Health. 1995;16(1):18-25.

Weathersby AM, Lobo ML, Williamson D. Parent and student preferences for services in a school-based clinic. J Sch Health. 1995;65(1):14-17.

Dryfoos JG. Medical clinics in junior high school: Changing the model to meet demands. J Adolesc Health. 1994;15(7):549-557.

Adelman HS, Barker LA, Nelson P. A study of school-based clinics: who uses it and who doesn’t. J Clin Child Psychol. 1993;22(1):52-59.

Association for Maternal and Child Health Programs. Opportunities for enhancing preventive and primary care through school-based health centers: Three states Title V program experiences. Washington, DC: Author, 1993.

Dryfoos JG, Santelli J. Involving parents in their adolescents’ health: a role for school clinics. J Adolesc Health. 1993;13(4):259-260.

Guernsey BP. The Denver school-based clinics: Identifying and reaching youth at-risk. In: Morton CJ, Wilkerson D, and Patterson D, eds. Promoting Family Health in the 1990’s: Strategies for Public Health Social Work. Washington, DC: Maternal and Child Health Clearinghouse, 1993.

McGurk SR, Cárdenas J, Adelman HS. Utilization of a school-based clinic for identification and treatment of adolescent sexual abuse. J Adolesc Health. 1993;14(3):196-201.

Wolk LI, Kaplan DW. Frequent school-based clinic utilization: a comparative profile of problems and service needs. J Adolesc Health. 1993;14(6):458-463.

Fisher M, Juszczak L, Friedman SB, et al. School-based adolescent health care: review of a clinical service. Am J Dis Child. 1992;146(5):615-621.

Balassone ML, Bell M, Peterfreund N. A comparison of users and non-users of a school-based health and mental health clinic. J Adolesc Health. 1991;12(3):240-246.

McHarney-Brown C, Kaufman, A. Comparison of adolescent health care provided at a school-based clinic and at a hospital-based pediatric clinic. South Med J. 1991;84(11):1340-1342.

American Medical Association, Council of Scientific Affairs. Providing medical services through school-based health programs. J Sch Health. 1990;60(3):87-91.

Lyons JAF. Adolescent health and school-based clinics. Issues Compr Pediatric Nurs. 1987;10(5/6):303-314.

Kort M. The delivery of primary health care in American public schools. J Sch Health. 1984;54(11): 453-457.

Porter PJ. The Cambridge story. Am J Public Health. 1981;71(Supplement):86-88.

Porter PJ, Leibel RL, Gilbert CK, et al. Municipal child health services: a ten-year reorganization. Pediatrics. 1976;58(5):704-712.


Tieman J. Affordable Care Act: another success story. School-based health centers. Health Prog. 2011;92(5):72-73.

Wade TJ, Guo JJ. Linking improvements in health-related quality of life to reductions in Medicaid costs among students who use school-based health centers. Am J Public Health. 2010;100(9):1611-1616.

Nystrom RJJ, Prate A. Planning and sustaining a school-based health center: cost and revenue findings from Oregon. Public Health Rep. 2008;123(6):751-760.

Schlitt JJ, Juszczak LJ, Eichner NH. Current status of state policies that support school-based health centers. Public Health Rep. 2008;123(6):731-738.

Washington DM, Brey LC. Funding, technical assistance, and other resources for school-based health centers. Nurs Clin North Am. 2005;40(4):619-636.

Swider SM, Valukas A. Options for sustaining school-based health centers. J Sch Health. 2004;74(4):115-118.

Wang LY, Yang Q, Lowry R, Wechsler H. Economic analysis of a school-based obesity prevention program. Obes Res. 2003;11(11):1313-1324.

National Assembly on School-Based Health Care. Partners in Access: School-Based Health Centers and Medicaid. Washington, DC: Author, 2001.

Adams KE, Johnson V. An elementary school-based health clinic: can it reduce Medicaid costs? Pediatrics. 2000;105(3):780-788.

J Koppelman and JG Lear, “Partnering with school-based health centers: Connecticut’s Medicaid managed care experience,” Managed Care and Medicaid. 1999;5(2):4-5.

Koppelman J, Lear JG. The new child health insurance expansions: How will school-based health centers fit in? J Sch Health. 1998;68(10):441-446.

Zimmerman DJ, Santelli JS. School and adolescent health and managed care. Am J Prev Med. 1998;14(3 Suppl):60-66.

Hacker K. Integrating school-based health centers into managed care in Massachusetts. J Sch Health. 1996;66(9):317-321.

Lear JG, et al. Key issues affecting school-based health centers and Medicaid. J Sch Health. 1996;66(3):83-88.

Zimmerman DJ, Reif CJ. School-based health centers and managed care health plans: Partners in primary care. J Public Health Manage Prac. 1995;1(1):33-39.

Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Bureau of Family and Community Health. School-based health centers: Medicaid standards. Boston, MA: Author, 1994.

Cartland JDC, McManus MA, Flint SS. A decade of Medicaid in perspective: what have been the effects on children? Pediatrics. 1993;91(2):287-295.

Farrow F, Joe T. Financing school-linked, integrated services. In: The Future of Children: School-linked services. Los Angeles, CA: Center for the Study of Children, The David and Lucille Packard Foundation. 1992;2(1):56-67.

US Department of Health and Human Services. Office of the Inspector General. School-based health centers and managed care: Examples of coordination. Washington, DC: USDHHS, OIG 1993;OIG-05-92-00681.

Policy & Politics

American Academy of Pediatrics. Council on School Health. Policy statement-school-based health centers and pediatric practice. Pediatrics. 2012;129(2):387-393.

Guo JJ, Wade TJ, Pan W, Keller KN. School-based health centers: a cost-benefit analysis and impact on health care disparities. Am J Public Health. 2010;100(9):1617-1623.

North S, Parker C. North Carolina’s school-based and school-linked health centers. N C Med J. 2010;71(4):380-382.

Lear JG. School-based health centers: a long road to travel. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003;157(2):118-119.

Wang LY, Burstein GR, Cohen DA. An economic evaluation of a school-based sexually transmitted disease screening program. Sex Transm Dis. 2002;29(12):737-745.

American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on School Health. School health centers and other integrated school health services. Pediatrics. 2001;107(1):198-201.

National Assembly on School-Based Health Care. Partners in access: school-based health centers and Medicaid. Washington, DC: Author, 2001.

Adams KE, Johnson V. An elementary school-based health clinic: Can it reduce Medicaid costs? Pediatrics. 2000;105(3):780-788.

Rienzo BA, Button JW, Wald KD. Politics and the success of school-based health centers. J Sch Health. 2000;70(8):331-337.

Schlitt JJ, Rickett KD, Montgomery LL, Lear JG. State initiatives to support school-based health centers: A national survey. J Adolesc Health. 1995;17(2):68-76.

Baker C. School health: Policy issues. Nurs Health Care. 1994;15(4):178-184.

Rienzo BA, Button JW. The politics of school-based clinics: A community-level analysis. J Sch Health. 1993;63(6):266-272.

Ruminski D, Klink H. School-based health centers: a model for delivery of adolescent health care in Portland, Oregon. J Amb Care Manage. 1993;16(1):29-41.

McGinnis JM. The role of the federal government in promoting health through the schools: Report from the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. J Sch Health. 1992;62(4):131-134.

Schlitt JJ. Bringing health to school: Policy implications for southern states. Washington, DC: Southern Regional Project on Infant Mortality, 1991.

Reproductive Healthcare

Gilliland L, Scully J. STI-HIV prevention: a model program in a school-based health center. Nurs Clin North Am. 2005;40(4):681-688.

McCarthy Sk, Telljohann SK, Coventry B, Price J. Availability of services for emergency contraceptive pills at high school-based health centers. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2005;37(2):70-77.

Barnet B, Arroyo C, Devoe M, Duggan AK. Reduced school dropout rates among adolescent mothers receiving school-based prenatal care. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004;158(3):262-268.

Barnet B, Duggan A, and Devoe M. Reduced low birth weight for teenagers receiving prenatal care at a school-based health center: effect of access and comprehensive care. J Adolesc Health. 2003;33(5):349-358.

Coyne-Beasley T, Ford CA, Waller MW, Adimora AA, Resnick MD. Sexually active students’ willingness to use school-based health centers for reproductive health care services in North Carolina. Ambul Pediatr. 2003;3(4):196-202.

Santelli JS, Nystrom RJ, Brindis C, et al. Reproductive health in school-based health centers: findings from the 1998-99 census of school-based health centers. J Adolesc Health. 2003;32(6):443-451.

Wang LY, Burstein GR, Cohen DA. An economic evaluation of a school-based sexually transmitted disease screening program. Sex Transm Dis. 2002;29(12):737-745.

Zimmer-Gembeck MJ, Doyle LS, Daniels JA. Contraceptive dispensing and selection in school-based health centers. J Adolesc Health. 2001;29(3):177-185.

Fothergill K and Feijoo A. Family planning services at school-based health centers: findings from a national survey. J Adoles Health. 2000;27(3):166-169.

Tiezzi L, Lipshutz J, Wrobleski N, et al. Pregnancy prevention among urban adolescents younger than 15: Results of the `In Your Face’ Program. Fam Plann Perspect. 1997;29(4):173-176, 197.

Peak GL, McKinney DL. Reproductive and sexual health at the school-based/school- linked health center: An analysis of services provided by 180 clinics. J Adolesc Health. 1996;19(4):276-281.

Zeanah PD, Morse EV, Simon PM, Stock M, Pratt JL, Sterne S. Community reactions to reproductive health care at three school-based clinics in Louisiana. J Sch Health. 1996;66(7):237-241.

Bearss N, Santelli J, Papa P. A pilot program of contraceptive continuation in six school-based clinics. J Adolesc Health. 1995;17(3):178-183.

Brindis C. Promising approaches for adolescent reproductive health service delivery. The role of school-based health centers in a managed care environment. West J Med. 1995;163(3 Suppl): 50-56.

Santelli J, Alexander M, Farmer M, et al. Bringing parents into school clinics: parent attitudes toward school clinics and contraception. J Adolesc Health. 1992;13(4):269-274.

Setzer JR, Smith DP. Comprehensive school-based services for pregnant and parenting adolescents in West Dallas, Texas. J Sch Health. 1992;62(3):97-102.

Kirby D, Waszak C, Ziegler J. Six school-based clinics: Their reproductive health services and impact on sexual behavior. Fam Plann Perspect. 1991;23:6-16.

Galavotti C, Lovick S. School-based clinic use and other factors affecting adolescent contraceptive behavior. J Adolesc Health Care. 1989;10(6):506-512.

Dryfoos, JG. School-Based Health Clinics: Three Years of Experience. Fam Plann Perspect. 1988;20(4):193-200.

Zabin LS, Hirsch MB, Smith EA, et al. Evaluation of a pregnancy prevention program for urban teenagers. Fam Plann Perspect. 1986;18(3):119-126.

Zabin LS, Hardy JB, Streett R, et al. A school-, hospital-, and university-based adolescent pregnancy prevention program: A cooperative design for service and research. J Reprod Med. 1984;29(6):421-426.

Edwards LE, Steinman ME, Arnold KA; et al. Adolescent pregnancy prevention services in high school clinics. Fam Plann Perspect. 1980;12(1):6-7,11-14.

Berg M, Taylor B, Edwards LE, et al. Prenatal care for pregnant adolescents in a public high school. J Sch Health. 1979;49(1):32-35.

Research and Evaluation

Amaral G, Geierstanger S, Soleimanpour S, Brindis C. Mental health characteristics and health-seeking behaviors of adolescent school-based health center users and nonusers. J Sch Health. 2011;81(3):138-145.

Booker JM, Schluter JA, Carrillo K, McGrath J. Quality improvement initiative in school-based health centers across New Mexico. J Sch Health. 2011;81(1):42-48.

Kerns SE, Pullmann MD, Walker SC, Lyon AR, Cosgrove TJ, Bruns EJ. Adolescent use of school-based health centers and high school dropout. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011;165(7):617-623.

Federico SG, Abrams L, Everhart RM, Melinkoich P, Hambridge SJ. Addressing adolescent immunization disparities: a retrospective analysis of school-based health center immunization delivery. Am J Public Health. 2010;100(9):1630-1634.

McNall MA, Lichty LF, Mavis B. The impact of school-based health centers on the health outcomes of middle school and high school students. Am J Public Health. 2010;100(9):1604-1610.

Strolin-Goltzman J. The relationship between school-based health centers and the learning environment. J Sch Health. 2010;80(3):153-159.

Van Cura M. The relationship between school-based health centers, rates of early dismissal from school, and loss of seat time. J Sch Health. 2010;80(8):371-377.

Soleimanpour S, Brindis C, Geierstanger S, Kandawalla S, Kurlaender T. Incorporating youth-led community participatory research into school health center program and policies. Public Health Rep. 2008;123(6):709-716.

Strunk JA. The effect of school-based health clinics on teenage pregnancy and parenting outcomes: an integrated literature review. J Sch Nurs. 2008;24(1):13-20.

Wade TJ, Mansour ME, Line K, Huentelman T, Keller KN. Improvements in health-related quality of life among school-based health center users in elementary and middle school. Ambul Pediatr. 2008;8(4):241-249.

Brindis CD, Klein J, Schlitt J, Santelli J, Juszczak L, Nystrom RJ. School-based health centers: accessibility and accountability. J Adolesc Health. 2003;32(6 Suppl):98-107.

Gance-Cleveland B, Costin DK, Degenstein JA. School-based health centers. Statewide quality improvement program. J Nurs Care Qual. 2003;18(4):288-294.

Oruwariye T, Webber MP, Ozuah P. Do school-based health centers provide adequate asthma care? J Sch Health. 2003;73(5):186-190.

Webber MP, Carpiniello KE, Oruwariye T, Lo Y, Burton WB, Appel DK. Burden of asthma in inner-city elementary schoolchildren: do school-based health centers make a difference? Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003;157(2):125-129.

Key JD, Washington EC, Hulsey, TC. Reduced Emergency Department Utilization Associated with School-Based Clinic Enrollment. J Adolesc Health. 2002;30:273-278.

Britto MT, Klostermann BK, Bonny AE, Altum SA, Hornung RW. Impact of a school-based intervention on access to health care for underserved youth. J Adolesc Health. 2001;29(2):116-124.

Crespo RD, Shaler GA. Assessment of school-based health centers in a rural state: the West Virginia experience. J Adolesc Health. 2000;26:187-193.

Shuler, P. Evaluating student services provided by school-based health centers: Applying the Shuler Nurse Practitioner Practice Model. J Sch Health. 2000;70(8):348-352.

Walker PH, Bowllan N, Chevalier N. School-based care: Clinical challenges and research opportunities. J Soc Pediatr Nurs. 1996;1(2):64-74.

Kirby D, Resnick MD, Downes B, et al. The effects of school-based health clinics in St. Paul upon school-wide birth rates. Fam Plann Perspect. 1993;25(1):12-16.

Walker PH, Baker JJ, Chiverton P. Costs of interdisciplinary practice in a school-based health center. Outcomes Management for Nursing Practice. 1998;2(1):37-44.

School-Based Oral Health Services

Albert DA, McManus JM, Mitchell DA. Models for delivering school-based dental care. J Sch Health. 2005 May;75(5):157-161.

Navarro, D. Combating childhood tooth decay. Avoiding the sugar that lurks in cafeteria lines and lunchbox favorites. School Nurse News. 2005;22(4):13-14.

Locker D, Frosina C, Murray H, Wiebe D, Wiebe P. Identifying children with dental care needs: evaluation of a targeted school-based dental screening program. J Public Health Dent. 2004;64(2):63-70.

Venker DJ, Kuthy RA, Qian F, Kanellis MJ. Twelve-month sealant retention in a school-based program using a self-etching primer/adhesive. J Public Health Dent. 2004;64(4):191-197.

Weyant RJ, Manz M, Corby P. Dental caries status and need for dental treatment of Pennsylvania public school children in grades 1, 3, 9, and 11. J Public Health Dent. 2004;64(3):136-144.

York JA, Holtzman JM. Designing and implementing a school-based dental program for students with developmental disabilities. Spec Care Dentist. 2004;24(6):308-312.

Greene-McIntyre M, Finch MH, Searcy J. Smile Alabama! Initiative: interim results from a program to increase children’s access to dental care. J Rural Health. 2003;19 Suppl:407-415.

Kim S, Lehman AM, Siegal MD, Lemeshow S. Statistical model for assessing the impact of targeted, school-based dental sealant programs on sealant prevalence among third graders in Ohio. J Public Health Dent. 2003;63(3):195-199.

Crall JJ. Children’s oral health services: organization and financing considerations. Ambul Pediatr. 2002;2 Suppl:148-153.

Edelstein, BL. Dental care considerations for young children. Spec Care Dentist. 2002;22(3 suppl):11S-25S.

Edelstein, BL. Disparities in oral health and access to care: findings of national surveys. Ambul Pediatr. 2002 Mar-Apr;2(2 suppl):141-147.

Kumar JV, Wadhawan S. Targeting dental sealants in school-based programs: evaluation of an approach. Community Dent Oral Epidemiology. 2002;30(3):210-215.

Modifi M, Rozier RG, King RS. Problems with access to dental care for Medicaid-insured children: what caregivers think. Am J Public Health. 2002;92(1):53-58.

Mouradian WE. Ethical principles and the delivery of children’s oral health care. Ambul Pediatr. 2002;2 Suppl:162-168.

Simoyan O, Badner V. Implementing a school-based dental health program: the Montefiore model. J Sch Health. 2002;72(6):262-263.

Zabos GP, Glied SA, Tobin JN, Amato E, Turgeon L, Mootabar RN, Nolon AK. Cost-effectiveness analysis of a school-based dental sealant program for low-socioeconomic-status children: a practice-based report. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2002;13(1):38-48.

Sanzi-Schaedel S, Bruerd B, Empey G. Building community support for a school dental sealant program. J Dent Hyg. 2001;75(4):305-309.

Yu SM, Bellamy HA, Schwalberg RH, Drum MA. Factors associated with use of preventive dental and health services among U.S. adolescents. J Adolesc Health. 2001;29:395-405.

Edelstein, BL. Access to dental care for Head Start Enrollees. J Public Health Dent. 2000;60(3):221-229.

Werner CW, Pereira AC, Eklund SA. Cost-effectiveness study of a school-based sealant program. ASDC J Dent Child. 2000;67(2):93-7, 82.

Herman NG, Rosenthal M, Franklin DM. Delivery of comprehensive children’s dental services using portable dental clinics in NYC public schools: a six-year analysis. NY State Dent J. 1997;63(4):36-41.

Kumar JV, Davila ME, Green EL, Lininger LL. Evaluation of a school-based sealant program in New York State. J Public Health Manag Pract. 1997;3(3):43-51.

Morrant AM, Holloway PJ, Taylor GO. A novel school dental screening program. Community Dent Health. 1995;12(3):128-132.

Scanlan BJ. An holistic approach to school dental health. J Sch Nurs. 1991;7(4):12-15.

Disney JA, Bohannan HM, Klein SP, Bell RM. A case study in contesting the conventional wisdom: school-based fluoride mouth rinse programs in the USA. Community Dent Oral Epidemiology. 1990;18(1):46-54.

Haugejorden O, Lervik T, Birkeland JM, Jorkjend L. An 11-year follow-up study of dental caries after discontinuation of school-based fluoride programs. Acta Odontol Scand. 1990;48(4):257-263.

School-Based Health Center/School Partnerships

Federico SG, Marshall W, Melinkovich P. School-based health centers: a model for the provision of adolescent primary care. Adv Pediatr. 2011;58(1):113-121.

Komives G. Improving youths’ health through school-based health centers. N C Med J. 2010;71(6):598.

Weist MD, Lowie JA, Flaherty LT, Pruitt D. Collaboration among the education, mental health, and public health systems to promote youth mental health. Psychiatr Serv. 2001;52(10):1348-1351.

Scheuring SE. Strengthening the safety net for adolescent health: partners in creating realities out of opportunities. Fam Community Health. July 2000.

Hacker K, Wessel GL. School-based health centers and school nurses: Cementing the collaboration. J Sch Health. 1998;68(10):409-414.

Hacker K, Fried L, Bablouzian L, et al. A nationwide survey of school health services delivery in urban schools. J Sch Health. 1994;64(7):279-283.

Elders MJ. Schools and health: A natural partnership. J Sch Health. 1993;63(7):312-315.

McCord MT, Klein JD, Foy JM, et al. School-based clinic use and school performance. J Adolesc Health. 1993;14(2):91-98.

Lear JG. Building a Health/Education Partnership: The role of school-based health centers. Pediatric Nurs. 1992;18(2):172-173.

Magilvy JK. Health of adolescents: Research in school health. Issues Compr Pediatric Nurs. 1987;10(5/6):291-302.

Staffing and Training

Oetzel KB, Scott AA, McGrath J. School-based health centers and obesity prevention: changing practice through quality improvement. Pediatrics. 2009;123(supple 5):S267-271.

Allen PJ, Meadows-Oliver M, Ryan-Krause P. Establishing a school-based clinic in Managua, Nicaragua. Pediatr Nurs. 2008;43(3):262-266.

Desocio J, Elder L, Puckett S. Bridging cultures for Latino children: school nurse and advanced practice nurse partnerships. J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs. 2008;21(3):146-153.

Davis TK, Montford CR, Read C. Interdisciplinary teamwork in a school-based health center. Nurs Clin North Am. 2005;40(4):699-709.

Webb V, Bannor B. Collaborating with key school partners: triumphs and challenges. Nurs Clin North Am. 2005;40(4):689-97.

Mason MJ, Wood TA. Clinical mental health training within a multidisciplinary school-based health clinic. J Health Soc Policy. 2000;11(3):45-65.

Papa PA, Rector C, Stone C. Interdisciplinary collaborative training for school-based health professionals. J Sch Health. 1998;68(10):415-419.

Jasaitis A. School-based health clinics: The role for nutrition. J Am Diet Assoc. 1997;7(10):S117-S119.

Juszczak L, Fisher M, Lear JG, et al. Training opportunities in school-based health centers. Dev and Behav Pediatr. 1995;16(2):101-104.

NAPNAP President’s message: School-based health centers. J Pediatric Health Care. 1993;7(2):34A-35A.

Bearinger LH, Wildey L, Gephart J, et al. Nursing competence in adolescent health: Anticipating the future needs of youth. J Prof Nurs. 1992;8(2):80-86.

Balassone ML, Bell M, Peterfreund N. School-based clinics: An update for social workers. Soc Work Educ. 1991;13(3):162-175.

Harold NB, Harold RD. School-based health clinics: A vehicle for social work intervention. Soc Work Educ. 1991;13(3):185-194.

Pacheco M, Adelsheim S, Davis L, et al. Innovation, peer teaching, and multidisciplinary collaboration: Outreach from a school-based clinic. J Sch Health. 1991;61(8):367-369.