Immigrant and Refugee Children: Additional Resources

New Resources

Green Card Stories. Immigration Daily has published an article introducing a new book that features the stories of 50 immigrants to the U.S.,0124-Danielson.shtm

Helping Newcomer Students Succeed in Secondary School and Beyond, a new report funded by the Carnegie Corporation authored by Deborah Short and Beverly Boyson of the Center for Applied Linguistics, reports on strategies used by newcomer program to support student preparation for participating in regular school programs.

Additional Resources…


Asian Nation. Asian American History, Demographics & Issues.

Frey WH. Race, Immigration and America’s Changing Electorate. Population Studies Center, U of Michigan and Metropolitan Policy Program, the Brookings Institution, Report 08-635, April 2008.

Tafoya S, Kochhar R, Suro R. The New Latino South. Pew Hispanic Center, 2005.

U.S. Census Bureau. The American Community – Hispanics: 2004. American Community Survey Reports. Issued February 2007.

Center for Immigration Research
The Center for Immigration Studies is an independent, non-partisan, non-profit research organization founded in 1985. It is the nation’s only think tank devoted exclusively to research and policy analysis of the economic, social, demographic, fiscal, and other impacts of immigration on the United States.

Malone N, Baluja KF, Constanzo JM, Davis CJ. The Foreign-Born Population: 2000, Census 2000 Brief.  Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau; 2003.
This report takes an in depth look into the distribution of the foreign-born population in the United States, regions, states, counties, and places with populations of 100,000 or more in 2000.

Montemurro M, Lavelle J, Mollica RF. An Annotated Bibliography on Refugee Mental Health. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services; 2005.
This bibliography contains primarily materials in the published scientific literature on refugee mental health. 

Brown JM, Council CL, Penne MA, Gfroerer JC. Immigrants and Substance Use: Findings from the 1999-2001 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services, Office of Applied Studies; 2005.
The report provides information on the prevalence of alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use among immigrants aged 18 or older in the U.S. from 1999-2001.

Shields MK, Behrman RE. Children of Immigrant Families: Analysis and Recommendations, in Behrman RE, Shields MK (Eds), The Future of Children, Princeton University and The Brookings Institution, 2004;4(2).
This publication includes an in depth look at the strengths and challenges of children growing up in immigrant families.  It describes demographic related changes and their life circumstances, and economic and labor trends.  Children of Immigrant Families intends to translate research into better policy and practice for children.

Language access

The California Endowment. Ensuring Linguistic Access in Health Care Settings: Legal Rights and Responsibilities. Second Edition, 2003. Los Angeles, CA: National Health Law Program.  The report focuses on the language access responsibilities under the Federal Civil Rights laws relevant to healthcare and coverage providers.

Hablamos Juntos — The Resource Library distributes useful tools and resources by Hablamos Juntos, a National Program Office for the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Some of these resources include: Organizational Readiness Guides, interpreter services and non-English materials.

C Brach, O Fraser, K Paez. Crossing the language chasm: an in-depth analysis of what language-assistance programs look like in practice. Health Affairs. 2005;24(2):424-434. The study examines the connection between linguistic competence and healthcare quality. In addition, the study looks at the impact this relationship has on particular language-assistance practices.

“Measuring and Improving the Quality of Hospital Language Services: Insights from the Speaking Together Collaborative”.  Marsha Regenstein, PhD, associate research professor of the Department of Health Policy at The George Washington University, has published an article in the November 2007 (v. 22, supp2) Journal of General Internal Medicine that discusses the process of developing, and some of the challenges of implementing performance measures for hospital language services.   It then offers some lessons learned from Regenstein’s field experience with the Speaking Together project about what she considers as key elements for creating and implementing effective language services programs. More information about the program is available from

Materials in languages other than English

Hablamos Juntos — Developing Quality Spanish Language Materials This web site provides tools and materials to equip people in healthcare organizations to address Spanish language barriers. — National Mental Health Information Center in Spanish
This web site provides mental health related publications such as pamphlets, booklets, fact sheets, posters, articles and videos in Spanish.

National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health
The National Center maintains a wide range of health information in languages other than English.

Bridging Refugee Youth & Children’s Services (BRYCS) — Multilingual Resources
The BRYCS web site offers some of its materials in more than 20 languages, ranging from Albanian to Vietnamese.

Preventive Health Information, Routine Immunization and Pandemic Preparedness Information for Limited English Speaking Persons

Healthy Roads Media

Literacy, health-literacy, illness, aging, disability and language are all issues that can pose barriers to obtaining basic health information. This site contains free health education materials in a number of languages and a variety of formats. They are being developed to study the value of these formats in providing health information for diverse populations in a variety of settings.

American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP)
The AACAP developed Facts for Families to provide concise and up-to-date information on issues that affect children, teenagers, and their families. Facts for Families may be duplicated and distributed free of charge as long as the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry is properly credited and no profit is gained from their use. The AACAP has produced the Facts for Families in English and Spanish. Materials are also available in Deutsch, Malaysian, Polish, Icelandic, Arabic, Urdu and Hebrew.

Translation/Interpreter services

Hablamos Juntos — Interpreter Services
This web site provides ways to increase the number and quality of health interpreters by providing training content, testing information, and community solutions.
Margaret Whitsett. Mental Health Interpretation: Recommended Standards and Best Practices. Fall 2007.

Margaret Whitsett. Mental Health Interpreter Table: Where to find training? What type? What’s the cost? January 2008.

Margaret Whitsett. Interpreter Training Programs: Where to find training? What type? What’s the cost? Fall 2007.

MargaretWhitsett. Tips for Mental Health Interpretation: Practice-BasedGuidance for Working with Interpreters in Mental Health Settings.January 2008.

Cultural competence

National Center for Cultural Competence — Georgetown University Center for Child and Human Development aims to increase the capacity of health and mental health programs to create, implement and evaluate culturally and linguistically competent service delivery systems. The contents of this web site includes conceptual frameworks, health practitioner assessments, and training materials.

Fleming M, Towey K. Delivering Culturally Effective Health Care to Adolescents. Chicago, IL: American Medical Association; 2001.
This workbook provides practical information to enhance communication with adolescent patients by offering suggestions for delivering individualized health care that is culturally effective.

Culturally appropriate mental health

Center for Multicultural Human Services. Understanding, Preventing, and Treating Problem Behavior Among Refugees and Immigrant Youth. Falls Church, VA; 2002.
The report examines behavioral issues (i.e. violence) among refugees and immigrant youths in the U.S. to provide effective recommendations that can enable public and private health, education and social service agencies to better understand and address this complex issue.

World Health Organization; Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Mental Health of Refugees. Geneva, Switzerland; 1996.
This manual provides guidelines for people who work with refugees or other displaced persons.

SAMHSA — Refugee Well-Being
This web site contains information about SAMHSA’s Refugee Well-being Program at the Center for Mental Health Services. This program provides refugee mental health consultation and technical assistance to Federal, State, or local agencies.

Saldana, D. Cultural Competency: A Practical Guide for Mental Health Service Providers. Austin, TX: Hogg Foundation for Mental Health; 2001.
This guide provides information that will enable mental health service providers to address cultural competency issues. These tools include necessary knowledge, skills, and attributes to developing cultural competence. In addition, the guide provides helpful ways for communication, evaluation, addressing cultural variability, and conducting effective outreach.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, US Public Health Service, U.S. Surgeon General. Culture Counts (Chapter 2) in Mental Health: Culture, Race, and Ethnicity—A Supplement to Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services; 2001. This chapter takes an in depth look on the effects of culture and society on mental health illness and services.

Evidence-based interventions

Clinical Interventions

SAMHSA — Center for Mental Health Services: Evidence-Based Practice Implementation Resource Kits
The kits encourage the use of evidence-based practices in mental health.  Featured toolkits include Family Psycho-education and Co-Occurring Disorder and Integrated Dual Disorders Treatment.

SAMHSA — Model Programs: Effective Substance Abuse and Mental Health Programs for Every Community
This web site provides information about promising programs, effective programs, and model programs that have been reviewed by SAMHSA’s National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices.  In addition, the web site includes alphabetical listings of the programs and they can be compared or searched.

Hogg Foundation for Mental Health — Cultural Adaptation: Providing Evidence-Based Practices to Populations of Color
This web site provides general information about the Cultural Adaptation Initiative and also provides useful definitions and cultural competency assessment tools.

Rosman, E.A., Perry, D.F., & Hepburn, K.S. (2005). The best beginning: partnerships between primary health care and mental health and substance abuse services for young children and their families. Washington, DC: Georgetown University National Technical Assistance Center for Children’s Mental Health.

DinaBirman and Wing Yi Chan. Issue Brief #1: Screening and AssessingImmigrant and Refugee Youth in School-Based Mental Health Programs.Spring 2008.

Whole School/Classroom-Based Interventions

The Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL)
CASEL aims to enhance the success of children in school and life by promoting coordinated, evidence-based social, emotional, and academic learning as an essential part of their education from preschool through high school.  The web site contains detailed information about the organization, Social Emotional Learning (SEL), projects and publications, and other SEL resources.

Greenberg MT, Domitrovich C, Bumbarger B.  Preventing mental disorders in school-age children: A review of the effectiveness of prevention programs. Philadelphia, PA: Prevention Research Center for the Promotion of Human Development; 2000.
The report examines current knowledge on the effectiveness of preventive interventions for reducing the risk or effects of mental health on school-age children. In addition, the report provides suggestions on how to improve the quality of program development and evaluation.

Legal supports

Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc.
CLINIC’s mission is to enhance and expand delivery of legal services to indigent and low-income immigrants principally through diocesan immigration programs and to meet the immigration needs identified by the Catholic Church in the United States.

Immigrant Legal Resource Center (ILRC)
The ILRC works with immigrants and citizens to make legal assistance and social services accessible to all .  The web site includes information about legal and community program, services and products for legal practitioners, online resources, and aid for immigrants (in English and Spanish).

National Immigration Law Center (NILC)
The NILC aims to protect and promote the rights of low income immigrants and their family members.  The Center provides services such as policy analysis and advocacy, impact litigation, and coalition and capacity building. The web site contains information about trainings and conferences, publications, and important developments that impact the lives on immigrants.

Building collaboration and partnerships

Dorfman D. Building Partnerships Workbook –– Strengthening Community Education: The Basis for Sustainable Community Renewal. Portland, OR: Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory, Rural Education Program; 1998.
The workbook provides information to community organizers on how to form networks and guide community development. It is useful for organizing community groups, discovering who wasn’t to commit to the process, and practicing social relations.

Fishman J. Immigrant and Refugee Parent Involvement in Schools and the Link to Academic Success and Mental Health of Children; May 2009.
Jodie Fishman is an MPH student in the Department of Prevention and Community Health, School of Public Health and Health Services at George Washington University.  The presentation is a summary of an examination of parent involvement strategies used among Caring Across Communities grantees, and a case study of our UNC grantee, completed as part of her requirements for graduation.

Kugler E. Building Partnerships with Immigrant Parents. Alexandria, VA: ACSD, Educational Leadership; March, 2007.
Eileen Kugler authored an article “Building Partnerships with Immigrant Parents” that was published in the March 2007 issue of Education Leadership. Parent engagement strategies that schools can use to connect with immigrant parents are outlined, with a focus on the parent outreach program implemented at Annandale High School.

Other technical assistance

Bridging Refugee Youth & Children’s Services (BRYCS) – BRYCS is a technical assistance project that aims to broaden the scope of information and increase collaboration among service providers for refugee youth, children and families.  The web site includes targeted resources for educators and parents, multilingual resources, and a clearinghouse of selected resources related to refugee youth and child well-being.  BRYCS has over 2000 publications and resources available through their website.  The clearninghouse is an online collection of selected resources related to refugee youth and child well-being, as well as descriptions of community-based programs. Includes relevant and accessible resources from a variety of helping professions and services, covering a range of topics and formats.

National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) – The National Child Traumatic Stress Network was established to improve access to care, treatment, and services for traumatized children and adolescents exposed to traumatic events.  The website offers numerous resources and products, including Review of Child and Adolescent Refugee Mental Health: A White Paper from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network Refugee Trauma Task Force, and Addressing the Mental Health Problems of Border and Immigrant Youth. This special report helps mental health care providers working in the Mexico-US border region understand the diverse cultural, socioeconomic, environmental, and political factors that daily impact the lives of their clients/patients. It offers guidance on how to provide culturally competent care while simultaneously addressing families’ misconceptions and knowledge gaps about the causes of mental health problems and their treatment.

Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR)
ORR advises the Secretary of Health and Human Services on matters relating to refugee resettlement, immigration, and repatriation. ORR plans, develops and directs implementation of a comprehensive program for domestic refugee and entrant resettlement assistance. This site indexes ORR regulations, information on welfare reform, and Medicaid information.


Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
The mission of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation is to improve the health and health care of all Americans. The Foundation funds projects in the following program areas: Vulnerable PopulationsChildhood ObesityQuality/EqualityPublic HealthCoveragePioneer, and Building Human Capital.


Grantmakers Concerned with Immigrants and Refugees (GCIR)
GCIR is a growing network of foundations working on a wide range of immigration and immigrant integration issues including education, health, employment, civic participation, race and inter-group relations, and other concerns affecting immigrant children, youth, and families.  Its mission is to move the philanthropic field to advance the contributions and address the needs of the world’s growing and increasingly diverse immigrant and refugee populations. The web site provides fact sheets, statistics, publications, and other resources.

Annie E. Casey Foundation
The Annie E. Casey Foundation’s primary mission is to foster public policies, human-service reforms, and community supports that more effectively meet the needs of today’s vulnerable children and families. The foundation has invested about $7 million a year in immigrant-related matters, including English acquisition programs and programs that increase vulnerable immigrant families’ access to high-quality, low-cost social and financial services.  A number of reports and briefs on immigrants and refugees can be found on their website.

Carnegie Corporation of New York
The Carnegie Corporation of New York aims to promote the advancement and diffusion of knowledge and understanding. Through its national program, Carnegie Corporation has invested $6 million a year to conduct grantmaking activities including the support of demonstration programs, promising innovations and capacity-building in selected institutions as well as research, communications, policy analysis and advocacy. These activities will be focused on two goals: creating pathways to education and to citizenship for immigrants.

Evelyn and Walter Haas, Jr. Fund
The Evelyn and Walter Haas, Jr. Fund is dedicated to celebrating and building community and promoting equal rights and opportunities, especially for disenfranchised populations such as immigrants.  The fund invests about $3 million a year in litigation, public education, policy analysis, and organizing to create a strong movement for broad immigration reform.

John S. and James L. Knight Foundation
The John S. and James L. Knight Foundation seeks opportunities that can transform both communities and journalism.  The foundation has invested millions in helping integrate immigrants into American communities, focusing on efforts to increase rates of naturalization, improve English-language education, and strengthen the local and national network of immigrant-serving organizations across the country.

The Colorado Trust
The Colorado Trust aims to improve health and well-being of the people of Colorado, with the goal of expanding health coverage and care within Colorado.  The Trust is investing $18 million between 2000 and 2010 to support immigrant and refugee integration and have awarded grant for mental health and cultural adjustment services and community-wide planning efforts that bring together immigrants and established residents.

Blue Cross Blue Shield of Minnesota Foundation
Blue Cross Blue Shield of Minnesota Foundation focuses on factors that determine health: early childhood development, housing, social connectedness and the environment.  The Foundation created a special grantmaking program that promotes social adjustment and mental health, builds the capacity of immigrant-led organizations to address health issues, and fosters exchange between newcomers and the receiving community.